Good medical and rehabilitative care of chronically ill persons requires an orientation to the needs of the sufferers as well as their active involvement. The needs can – with the same disease – differ greatly depending, for example, on age, gender, life circumstances and other individual factors. Therefore, the Federal Ministries of Education and Research (BMBF), of Health (BMG) and of Labour and Social Affairs (BMAS) and the German Pension Insurance, Associations of Statutory Health Insurers on the Federal level and the Association of Private Health Insurance Companies have together taken the initiative to set up a funding priority for health care-related research with a focus on “Chronic diseases and patient orientation”.
Three thematic fields of patient orientation are central to the funding: targeted patient information, efficient training programs for chronically ill persons, and the shared decision making. To this aim, concepts are developed and evaluated in terms of their effectiveness. Of particular interest are the effects of the examined interventions on the course of illness as well as on the participation in life in society and in working life.